How to grow pineapple at home?
Do you want to grow some unusual plant at home, which will also bear fruit? Most exotic fruit-bearing plants are best grown from cuttings or vaccinated. Otherwise, lemon or pomegranate grown from seed can bloom in 15 years. It is unlikely that you will want to wait so long. The date palm begins to bear fruit only when it reaches a height of at least 4 meters. And where, interestingly, will it grow in you? But there is one plant that does not require too much trouble and comes into bearing relatively quickly, and the fruits are truly royal.
- So, are you ready to grow pineapple at home?
- The most important conditions for growing pineapple are temperature and light.
- Pineapple Care
So, are you ready to grow pineapple at home?
To get started, a small introduction. Pineapple is a grassy fruit plant of the bromeliad family. Its homeland is semi-arid regions in northeast South America.
Accordingly, pineapple is a perennial, thermophilic, photophilous and drought tolerant plant. Its linear leaves with spikes along the edges are collected in a rosette and reach a length of 90 cm. The inflorescence on the fleshy peduncle is collected from flowers densely and spirally located on the axis. The flowers are bisexual.
Pineapple fertility is similar in structure to raspberry fertility. It consists of individual juicy fruitlets sitting on a central stem penetrating the fruit from the base to the apex, on which a bunch of leaves is located. The color of the fruit, depending on the variety, is yellow, golden, red and even purple.
You can not tell about the taste of pineapple - this is a great dessert that can decorate any table. When eating pineapple, its green crown is usually thrown away as unnecessary. And in vain. You can learn the technology of non-waste eating pineapples and even plant a small plantation. Of course, this will be more of a botanical experiment than practical benefit, but cultivating a crested delicacy is an activity that will bring you many pleasant minutes.
So, the green pineapple outlet should be cut off at the very base of the fruit, without pulp, and washed in a pink solution of potassium permanganate. Then you need to sprinkle the slice with ash or crushed coal - activated carbon tablets from the pharmacy are suitable. After this, the slice should dry for 5-6 hours.
A dried outlet is planted in a pot with a capacity of not more than 0.6 l. A drainage is poured to the bottom of the pot, and then a loose earthen mixture consisting of turf soil, leaf humus, sand and peat in a ratio of 1: 2: 1: 1. A mixture of leaf humus and sand in a ratio of 1: 1 is poured on top of a 3 cm layer. But actually it’s easier to buy a ready-made earthenware mix for bromeliads in a store.
In the center of the pot, a hole is made with a depth of 2-2.5 cm with a diameter slightly larger than the diameter of the outlet. A little chopped charcoal is poured into it so that the tip of the outlet does not rot. A socket is lowered into the recess, after which the earth is well rammed. At the edges of the pot, 2-4 sticks are placed and a socket is attached to them with ropes.
The soil is moistened, a transparent plastic bag is put on the pot and placed in a bright place. The socket is rooted at a temperature of 25-27 ° C. If you take root of the pineapple now or during the New Year holidays, you can put the pot with the handle on the battery, after placing a foam or cork stand under it.
After 1.5-2 months, roots form and new leaves begin to grow. The plastic bag is removed only 2 months after rooting. In an adult pineapple, lateral layers often grow at the base of the stem. They are rooted in the same way as the outlet from the top of the fertility - and thoughts of their own plantation cease to seem fantasy.
Pineapples need to be transplanted annually, but do not get carried away and do not give the plant roots space - the capacity of the pot is increased very slightly. The root neck is buried by 0.5 cm. It is transplanted only by transshipment, without destroying the earth coma. The root system of pineapple is very small, so a 3-4-liter pot is enough for an adult plant.
The most important conditions for growing pineapple are temperature and light.
In summer, the temperature should be 28-30 ° C, well, the smallest - 25 ° C. On warm sunny days, the plant can be taken outside, but if at night the temperature drops below 16-18 ° C, then it is brought into the room in the evening. In winter, pineapple is kept at a temperature of 22-24 ° C. At temperatures below 18 ° C, pineapple stops growing and dies.
Hypothermia of the root system also has a detrimental effect on the plant, so it is undesirable to put it on the windowsill, close to a cold window. In winter, the plant must be illuminated with a fluorescent lamp so that daylight hours are at least 12 hours.
Pineapple is watered only with warm, heated to 30 ° C, acidified with lemon juice water.
When watering the plant, water is also poured into the outlet, but it must be borne in mind that excessive waterlogging leads to rotting of the roots, so between the waterings the earth should slightly dry. In addition to proper watering, pineapple needs frequent spraying with warm water.
Every 10-15 days, the plant is fed with liquid complex mineral fertilizers of the Azalea type. Be sure to spray the pineapple 1-2 times a month and pour it with an acidified solution of iron sulfate at the rate of 1 g per 1 liter of water. Alkaline fertilizers, such as wood ash and lime, the plant does not tolerate.
With proper care, the pineapple begins to bear fruit in the 3-4th year. Usually at this age, the length of its leaves reaches 80-90 cm. True, an adult pineapple must still be forced to bloom. This is done with fumigation: a dense plastic bag is put on the plant, next to the pot for 10 minutes. They put a few smoldering coals or a couple of cigarettes, observing fire safety measures.
The procedure is repeated 2-3 times with an interval of 7-10 days. Usually, after 2-2.5 months, an inflorescence appears from the center of the outlet, and after 3.5-4 months, the fruit ripens. The mass of ripe fruit is 0.3-1 kg. Beauties!
Used materials: shkolazhizni.ru