Agrotechnics growing cauliflower
To get a good harvest of cauliflower, the right choice of place for planting is of great importance. Cauliflower prefers moist and fertile soils. With a lack of moisture or on poor soils, yellow and loose small heads of cabbage will begin to form from seedlings, which are not suitable for food. It is also very important which crops were the precursors of cauliflower - cauliflower will not grow after kohlrabi, radish, radish and turnip. Cauliflower in the beds after cucumbers, legumes and potatoes is fruitful. Illumination is also of great importance for obtaining a good harvest - you need to choose a little shaded place, you can use the free areas of a young garden. The soil should be well seasoned with organic fertilizers.
When preparing a bed for cauliflower, from the autumn, the earth is dug up with a bayonet and introduced manure or compost, as well as mineral fertilizers - superphosphate and potassium chloride.
Cauliflower is grown through seedlings, which are best sown in separate peat pots in early March. It is better to grow cabbage seedlings also in separate pots, which significantly increases its productivity.
When planting cauliflower seedlings on a dug up and flattened plot, beds with a row width of 60 cm are planned and seedlings are planted in prepared holes at a distance of 35 cm between the holes. When planting seedlings, it is necessary to ensure that each plant is buried in the soil to the first true leaf, and the roots are tightly compressed by the soil. After planting seedlings, each plant must be watered with a minimum of a liter of water.
Planting cauliflower in order to save space on the site can be densified with greens or lettuce, which will not interfere with the growth of cabbage.
Immediately after planting the seedlings, it is necessary to loosen the aisles and regularly cultivate as soon as weeds appear or the soil is covered with a crust.
As soon as the cabbage seedlings take root and start to grow, it is necessary to spud the seedlings a little. Before hilling, it is necessary to fertilize with full mineral fertilizer. The first dressing can be carried out by sprinkling dry fertilizers between plantings - urea, superphosphate, potassium chloride. In dry weather, planting cauliflower is fed with a weak solution of slurry or an aqueous solution of mineral fertilizers.
Cauliflower needs regular watering. During drought and during the formation of heads, watering should be increased.
In order to grow a good harvest of cauliflower in a sunny area, to get dense heads of cabbage, it is necessary to break 2 plants above the heads in plants to break from the sun. You can’t shade cabbage with cut leaves from the sun - they dry out and pollute the head.
You can start harvesting cauliflower in July. Heads are considered ripened, reaching 8 cm in diameter. If head shedding is observed, it must also be cut off. The yield of cauliflower is 2 kg per meter.